Numerous oil and gas seeps occur on Java Island concealing prospective basin sediments. However, most of this island is covered by volcanic products of Paleogene to Recent times. The volcaniclastic sediments buried the source rocks, burying the source rocks to depths of oil and gas windows. Oil and gas seeps in volcanic areas of Java show the presence of active petroleum systems underneath the volcanic cover. This indicates hydrocarbon prospectivity on Java Island (subvolcanic play) that is so far unexplored. Volcaniclastic covers are notorious for causing poor seismic data quality, making subsurface imaging difficult. This will challenge the methods and techniques of seismic and nonseismic data acquisition and processing. Once these challenges are resolved, the subvolcanic play of Java may be revealed.
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Hello world! I found a very interesting blog contains compilations of seismic images of geological features in Southeast Asia basins, mostly related to hydrocarbon potential in this region. Areas covered in this atlas: Indonesia, Malaysia, Brunei, Philippines, Thailand, and Vietnam. The quality of the seismic images are quite impressive. You can visit this blog that managed by two Indonesian geologist, Herman Darman and Minarwan here.
The interesting point of this article, which has been presented at INDONESIAN PETROLEUM ASSOCIATION 35th Annual Convention and Exhibition May 2011 is that the deep seismic reflection data acquired by Western Geco and CGGVeritas have provide new information for understanding the evolution Sumatran forearc basins.
This article notes the structural features in the Mentawai forearc that can be interpreted as products of compression of the accretionary wedge and forearc basin sediments. Compressional phases since the Late Miocene initiated (a) the landward vergent foldthrust belt in the Mentawai Fault Zone (MFZ), (b) reactivation of seaward vergent imbricated thrusts in the retro-accretionary wedge, and (c) uplift of the accretionary wedge and some parts of the forearc basin. The authors interpret that the northwest part of the accretionary wedge underwent higher compression and tilting. The compression of the forearc is suggested to be controlled by the combination of the geometry and position of the continental backstop, and the subducting bathymetric high in the oceanic plate.
This article presents the interpretation of newly acquired high-quality industry-standard deep seismic reflection and swath bathymetry data to provide insight into the structural style and evolution of the Mentawai Fault Zone (MFZ). The structural style, lateral distribution and kinematics of the fault zone has been discussed related the development of forearc high thrusts and accretionary wedge mechanics. The implication of this fault zone to the coseismic rupture during slip of the megathrust is also discussed.